Note: A number of other enabling activities are required to support these five components of mine action, including: assessment and planning, the mobilisation and prioritisation of resources, information management, human skills development and management training, QM and the application of effective, appropriate and safe equipment.

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) instructions which define the preferred or currently established method of conducting an operational task or activity.

Note: Their purpose is to promote recognisable and measurable degrees of discipline, uniformity, consistency and commonality within an organisation, with the aim of improving operational effectiveness and safety. SOPs should reflect local requirements and circumstances.

Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) EO that has been primed, fuzed, armed or otherwise prepared for use or used. It may have been fired, dropped, launched or projected yet remains unexploded either through malfunction or design or for any other reason.

Quality Assurance (QA) part of QM focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled. [ISO 9000:2000]

Note: The purpose of QA in humanitarian demining is to confirm that management practices and operational procedures for demining are appropriate, are being applied, and will achieve the stated requirement in a safe, effective and efficient manner. Internal QA will be conducted by demining organisations themselves, but external inspections by an external monitoring body should also be conducted.

Quality Control (QC) part of QM focused on fulfilling quality requirements.

Note: QC relates to the inspection of a finished product. In the case of humanitarian demining, the 'product' is safe cleared land.

Quality Management (QM)coordinated activities to direct and control an organisation with regard to quality.

(IMAS 04.10 Glossary (Ed. 2) Amendments 1, 2, 3 & 4)

Abandoned Explosive Ordnance (AXO) Explosive Ordnance (EO) that has not been used during an armed conflict, that has been left behind or dumped by a party to an armed conflict, and which is no longer under control of the party that left it behind or dumped it. Abandoned explosive ordnance may or may not have been primed, fuzed, armed or otherwise prepared for use.

Battle Area Clearance (BAC) the systematic and controlled clearance of hazardous areas where the hazards are known not to include mines

Demining, humanitarian demining activities which lead to the removal of mine and ERW hazards, including technical survey, mapping, clearance, marking, post-clearance documentation, community mine action liaison and the handover of cleared land. Demining may be carried out by different types of organisations, such as NGOs, commercial companies, national mine action teams or military units. Demining may be emergency-based or developmental.

Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) and Abandoned Explosive Ordnance (AXO).

Explosive Ordnance (EO) all munitions containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials and biological and chemical agents. This includes bombs and warheads; guided and ballistic missiles; artillery, mortar, rocket and small arms ammunition; all mines, torpedoes and depth charges; pyrotechnics; clusters and dispensers; cartridge and propellant actuated devices; electro-explosive devices; clandestine and improvised explosive devices; and all similar or related items or components explosive in nature.

Mine Action activities which aim to reduce the social, economic and environmental impact of mines, and ERW including cluster munitions.

Note: Mine action is not just about demining; it is also about people and societies, and how they are affected by landmine and ERW contamination. The objective of mine action is to reduce the risk from landmines and ERW to a level where people can live safely; in which economic, social and health development can occur free from the constraints imposed by landmine and ERW contamination, and in which the victims‟ different needs can be addressed. Mine action comprises five complementary groups of activities:

  • MRE;
  • humanitarian demining, i.e. mine and ERW survey, mapping, marking and clearance;
  • victim assistance, including rehabilitation and reintegration;
  • stockpile destruction; and
  • advocacy against the use of APM.